The Effects of Bath Salts Abuse and Addiction

The Effects of Bath Salts Abuse and Addiction

Not very long ago, the media was abuzz with bath salts. At first people were thinking about the ones that are used in luxury spas and ultra-pampering sessions. In fact, these were not the bath salts being discussed. These were the new street name for a concoction of different synthetic chemicals including mephedrone, pyrovalerone and methylenedioxypyrovalerone. Although difficult to pronounce, they are easy to obtain and get high on. No sooner did they hit the streets, emergency rooms and psychiatric wards were being bombarded with the bath salt epidemic.

The Effects of Bath Salts Abuse and Addiction

The Effects of Bath Salts Abuse and Addiction

Not very long ago, the media was abuzz with bath salts. At first people were thinking about the ones that are used in luxury spas and ultra-pampering sessions. In fact, these were not the bath salts being discussed. These were the new street name for a concoction of different synthetic chemicals including mephedrone, pyrovalerone and methylenedioxypyrovalerone. Although difficult to pronounce, they are easy to obtain and get high on. No sooner did they hit the streets, emergency rooms and psychiatric wards were being bombarded with the bath salt epidemic.

What are bath salts?

Bath salts are the term used for new family of synthetic drugs which are similar to amphetamines or stimulants. One recent study has shown the effects of bath salts are worse than those associated with meth.

Bath salts come in the form of white or brown crystals and are sold in small plastic bags. They can often be found in gas/petrol stations, small shops and online. They are labeled as “not for human consumption” and may also be sold as a “jewelry cleaner” or “plant food”. Brand names include “Lunar Wave”, “Vanilla Sky”, “Scarface” and “Bloom”.

It’s worth noting that these bath salts should not be confused with Epsom salt, pink or black salt or other natural salt mixtures which are used in healing and beauty products.

Short term Effects of Bath Salts

The energizing and agitating effects of bath salts are similar to cocaine or methamphetamine, but stronger. Both of these drugs increase dopamine which causes pleasure, energy and increase in activity.

Due to bath salts being a relatively new drug of abuse, there is not very much known on how they affect the brain. It is assumed that each variant of bath salts may have somewhat different properties, and chemically, they are similar to amphetamines (such as methamphetamine) as well as to MDMA (ecstasy). A recent study has shown that cathinone, one of the chemicals used in bath salts, raises dopamine levels in the brain, but is 10 times more potent that cocaine or meth.

When smoked, ingested or snorted, bath salts can cause extreme short term effects such as hallucinations, chest pain, tremors, seizures and paranoia. It is not uncommon for paramedics to be “attacked” when they are trying to help a person under the influence of bath salts.

Long Term Effects of Bath Salts

Currently, there needs to be more research carried out on the long term effects of bath salts. Although many states in the U.S. as well as, the United Kingdom have outlawed the chemicals in bath salts, there is still a growing demand for the drug. What is known about bath salt abuse is the extreme paranoia and agitation brought on by the use of the drug can last for an extended period of time.

Heart attack, kidney or liver failure, an increased pain threshold, dehydration, a breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue and homicidal or suicidal tendencies are all potential outcomes. Moreover, when a user has an underlying mental health issue, the risk for a psychotic episode is greatly increased.

Abuse, Addiction and Withdrawal of Bath Salts

Currently, there are a number of indicators which show that bath salts have a high probability for abuse, tolerance build-up and addiction. People who have undergone bath salt rehab treatment have said that the drug causes extreme cravings and a loss of control. Therefore, it is safe to assume (research is needed) that frequent use can cause dependency and withdrawal. A common concern with bath salt abuse is the other ingredients in the package which could potentially lead to further harmful effects.

Common signs of a bath salt addiction include jittery behavior, insomnia, impaired motor skills, rapid heartbeat, extreme paranoia, panic attacks, anger, agitation, bizarre or erratic behavior and self-mutilation.

Due to the severity of a bath salts addiction, rehab treatment centers should be sought before quitting this powerful drug. Without using, withdrawal symptoms could occur. These include intense cravings, anxiety, depression, inability to concentrate, amnesia, confusion, violent behavior, nightmares and memory fog. Sometimes, a person can be so hooked on the drug that a bath salts detoxification rehab will be necessary.

Getting Treatment for a Bath Salt Addiction

Bath salts are nothing to mess around with. Many people say this drug is currently the most powerful and scary intoxicant available. It is both addictive and extremely hard to stop using. Often, a bath salt user will spiral down into an extreme state before realizing what has happened. A majority of people will need to spend a lengthy amount of time at a private rehab facility who is equipped to handle a bath salts addiction. This time will vary, but 30-120 days is ideal.

If you or someone you know has an addiction to bath salts, consider getting treatment at a private rehab center in Thailand. Here, privacy is respected and the individual will be able to focus completely on the program. The Serenity Rehab Thailand center is ready to help you or a loved one overcome the addiction to bath salts. Contact us today to find out how we can help.

Alcohol Addiction

Alcohol Addiction

Alcohol is a substance which is a widely acceptable legal drug. It’s part of many cultures, and most people have a vague idea of what it is at an early age. Alcohol is included in social gatherings, celebrations and religious ceremonies. However, drinking too much overtime can have a detrimental effect on the body and life as a whole. Alcohol affects each person differently, and majority of people know the consequences of alcohol addiction. However, some are unable to control their intake and will develop an addiction.

The Serious Effects of Alcohol Addiction

Alcohol is a substance which is a widely acceptable legal drug. It’s part of many cultures, and most people have a vague idea of what it is at an early age. Alcohol is included in social gatherings, celebrations and religious ceremonies. However, drinking too much overtime can have a detrimental effect on the body and life as a whole. Alcohol affects each person differently, and majority of people know the consequences of alcohol addiction. However, some are unable to control their intake and will develop an addiction.

In Thailand, Russia, Brazil, The U.K. and U.S.A, alcohol addictions are affecting millions. One glass of wine, cocktail or beer becomes two and then another and another. With regular use, drinking alcohol excessively can cause a number of aliments, some of which are fatal. By recognizing these potential ramifications, you will be able to make smart choices when it comes to drinking; more importantly be able to recognize whether or not alcohol abuse is affecting someone you know.

How Alcohol Abuse Affects the Brain

Alcohol is broken down by the liver and then spread throughout the rest of the body and brain. GABA neurotransmitters will initially produce sensations of relaxation, but with heavy alcohol consumption, the transmitters’ suppress these feelings. With prolonged use a tolerance builds and the same amount required to feel “good” will be more. While a tolerance is developing, other neurotransmitters, responsible for feelings of excitement, will be suppressed. To feel the excitement, this area of the brain will have to work extra hard compared to people who drink little to no alcohol.

Quitting alcohol without the help of a treatment center can be dangerous, even deadly. When an alcoholic does so, these neurotransmitters are immediately no longer suppressed. The brain becomes overexcited and the effects of alcohol withdrawal syndrome take hold. Fear, anxiety, agitation, anger, tremors, hot sweats, seizures, cardiac arrest and even death could occur.

In general, person who abuses alcohol could experience speech problems, impaired memory, inability to make decisions and even difficulty with movement. These are a result of frontal lobe shrinkage within the brain.

Without seeking the guidance of an alcohol rehab center, alcohol use can lead to permanent brain damage. The brain shrinks and cells that store information begin to break down. Wernicke-Korsakoff, a condition where an addict experiences extreme mental confusion and lack of coordination, can result.

The Physical Effects of Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol abuse can cause serious physical harm to the body. Unfortunately, often when these symptoms appear, the alcoholism will be in the late stages. Many of these complications are permanent or will take many years of alcohol addiction treatment and rehabilitation before normal function is restored. Waiting for physical effects to appear is not a good idea. Some serious effects of alcohol abuse include; swelling of the skin, gastrointestinal disorders, acute and chronic pancreatitis, liver damage and/or failure, cardiovascular and respiratory issues, muscular skeletal pain and brain damage.

The Psychological Effects of Alcohol Abuse

The psychological effects of misusing alcohol are no less than the aforementioned physical effects. Short term effects which can worsen with alcohol abuse include an increase in agitation, anger and violence, mood swings, depression, self wallowing, anxiety and in extreme cases, suicide.

Many of the psychological effects also stem from hepatic encephalopathy. This is a type of damage to the liver in which toxins can no longer be removed from the blood. As a result, brain functioning is slowed. This can cause psychiatric conditions, sleeping disorders, panic disorders, delusions and detrimental cognitive effects.

Alcohol Addiction and Abuse is More Prevalent in Mental Health People

A great deal of research suggests alcohol abuse is more common amongst people who have mental health issues (pre-diagnosed or undiagnosed aliments like depression, bipolar, PTSD and psychosis). This could be in relation to a large majority of addicts drinking to ease feelings which are difficult to cope with. Like self-medication, alcohol becomes the go to option to mask these unwanted feelings. Unfortunately, the disguise does not last long and more often than not, the mental health issue becomes greater.

Withdrawing on Alcohol

Alcohol withdrawal syndrome, otherwise known as AWS, is a serious matter in which an alcoholic experiences a number of unpleasant symptoms stemming from their last drink (or lack of). An abuser may feel nauseous, shaking, tremors, cold sweats, high body temperature, high blood pressure, mild anxiety and fatigue. More intense symptoms could include hallucinations, seizures, heart failure, stroke, coma and death.

Getting Help for an Alcohol Addiction

In the case of alcohol abuse or addiction, it is crucial to seek out help at a treatment center. Residential, private alcohol rehabs are the most effective way to treat an addiction. With 24/7 support, constant guidance and tailored programs, these facilities will help a person to overcome inner conflicts, outside issues and restore their body and mind.

 

Physical and Psychological Effects of Solvents and Aerosols

Physical and Psychological Effects of Solvents and Aerosols

Solvents and aerosols, also known as inhalants, are (typically) legal store bought products which are intended for cleaning, beauty care or household repair/improvements. Although they were never created for getting high, a small percentage of people misuse them (also known as huffing). These “drugs” have a detrimental impact on the brain and cognitive functioning. While they are often abused by adolescents and children on the streets, it is not uncommon for an adult to use solvents or aerosols; especially when they are unable to access their preferred drug of choice.

Physical and Psychological Effects of Solvents and Aerosols

Physical and Psychological Effects of Solvents and Aerosols

Solvents and aerosols, also known as inhalants, are (typically) legal store bought products which are intended for cleaning, beauty care or household repair/improvements. Although they were never created for getting high, a small percentage of people misuse them (also known as huffing). These “drugs” have a detrimental impact on the brain and cognitive functioning. While they are often abused by adolescents and children on the streets, it is not uncommon for an adult to use solvents or aerosols; especially when they are unable to access their preferred drug of choice.

What are solvents and aerosols?

Hundreds of different solvents and aerosols produce intoxicating effects. Each of these carries different physical and psychological effects as well as, consequences. That said there is still no safe level of misusing. Four different categories for inhalant products exist; these are:

Solvents: Liquid or semi-liquid products which vaporize when left opened at room temperature. Their fumes are what produce the high. Some examples may include gasoline, glue, nail or shoe polish and paint thinner.

Aerosols: These are typically solvents mixed with propellant gas and stored in a bottle under pressure. Examples include spray paint, certain hair sprays, deodorant and air freshener.

Gases: These include medical grade anesthetics like nitrous oxide and ether as well as, household gases found in fire extinguishers.

Nitrates: This category is slightly different in that they don’t suppress the central nervous system. Rather, they act more like muscle relaxants and dilate blood vessels. Examples include “amyl, butyl and isobutyl nitrite (together known as alkyl nitrites or poppers)”. For the sake of our readers, this article will focus on the solvents and aerosols.

Immediate Effects after Using Solvents or Aerosols

In general, an inhalant abuser will use any substance they can get their hands on. However, there are people who have a “favorite” solvent or aerosol which they will go out of their way for. In Texas, the preferred inhalant is a local shoe shining spray.

The immediate effects of inhalants are similar to that of alcohol intoxication. However, they are significantly more rapid. The initial high decreases shortly after use and is followed by agitation, lightheadedness, lack of inhibition, confusion and drowsiness. With large or excessive amounts of inhalants, numbness, loss of sensations in the body and unconsciousness can occur.

Short Term Effects Associated with Huffing

When solvents or aerosols are abused, the user could experience headaches, nausea, vomiting, slurred speech, inability to move and difficulty breathing. They may also feel apathetic, have trouble making wise judgments and struggle to function in social situations. Higher doses can lead to days of confusion, delirium and hallucinations.

There are reports of accidental deaths occurring from huffing in unsafe environments such as on a rooftop or near water. Moreover, persistent huffing can cause unconsciousness and could lead to death from choking on vomit. When a bag is used repeatedly, there are risks of suffocation due to a lack of oxygen. Without seeking the help of a solvent or aerosol addiction rehab, these consequences will dramatically increase and lead to long term effects.

Long Term Psychological and Physical Effects

Unfortunately, there is a lack of research when it comes to long term implications related to huffing solvents or aerosols. What is known is that long term abuse can damage muscle tissue, the liver and kidneys. Due to strenuous activity on the heart, this vital organ can shut down causing heart failure and death. With years of huffing abuse, permanent brain damage may occur. This is especially in regards to how the brain controls movement and thought functioning. Depression, lack of emotions and feelings of suicide can result.

It’s important to note that many aerosols and solvents contain other harmful chemicals which, although may not produce a high, can cause serious health effects. These range from carbon monoxide poisoning, lead poisoning, bone marrow suppression, burns to the skin and cellular death.

Dependence, Addiction and Withdrawal

With regular huffing abuse, a tolerance can build in just a few weeks. The user will need to use more to achieve the same desired effects. However, within a few days of stopping, the tolerance will decrease. The evidence of aerosol and solvent addiction is limited, but it is generally accepted that it can occur. The real concern with huffing solvents and aerosols is the issue in which a user has a high probability of turning to stronger drugs like heroin. Alternatively, due to clouded thoughts and actions, there is a strong potential for engaging in risky behavior such as unprotected sex, prostitution and illegal activity.

Withdrawal happens when regular huffing has been discontinued. Symptoms could include shaking, sweating, headaches, muscle aches, dizziness, nausea, emotional upheavals, depression and agitation.

Overcoming Addiction at an Inhalant Rehab Center

When a person is addicted to inhalants, a rehab treatment program should be considered. This is primarily because people who have chronically abused solvents and aerosols may have a variety of social and psychological problems which can be effectively addressed in a residential rehab setting.

At Serenity Thailand Rehab, our integrated team of professional addiction specialists knows the impact of inhalant abuse and other drugs. They possess a comprehensive understanding of physical, psychological and medical conditions which have not only affected a person during their use, but also those that may have contributed to the dependence.

If you or someone you know has an addiction to inhalants and would like to seek the help of a private rehab center in Thailand, please contact Serenity Rehab in Thailand today.

Drug and Alcohol Rehab Mackay

Drug and Alcohol Rehab Mackay

Set in one of Queensland’s most idyllic locations, the town of Mackay has a sinister side with regards to drugs and alcohol. With incidents such as illegal drug trafficking and drink driving, the town has some pretty serious cases stemming from the abuse of drugs and alcohol. Being a smaller town too, there aren’t many facilities tailored to the rehabilitation of those suffering from addiction either.

Drug and Alcohol Rehab Mackay

Set in one of Queensland’s most idyllic locations, the town of Mackay has a sinister side with regards to drugs and alcohol. With incidents such as illegal drug trafficking and drink driving, the town has some pretty serious cases stemming from the abuse of drugs and alcohol. Being a smaller town too, there aren’t many facilities tailored to the rehabilitation of those suffering from addiction either.

Drug Use in Mackay and Surrounds

When it comes to drugs, Mackay has seen it all. Most of these incidents have been reported in the Daily Mercury. For instance, there was a 24 year old mother of two charged with the trafficking of methamphetamines and cannabis who accepted boxes of pseudoephedrine as payment. She was arrested twice for dealing illicit substances.

In a second incident, Mackay police intercepted a vehicle travelling through the city. A drug thought to be methamphetamines was found along with a range of drug-making paraphernalia. Two people were charged with possession and trafficking. In a third incident, police raided a Mackay sex shop where a bikie gang was selling synthetic cannabis and distributing MDMA in the Mackay area.

Another incident involved a driver on methamphetamines who drove the wrong way down on Malcomson St. in Mackay and collided with a scooter. The rider was seriously injured and the driver was sentenced to six months in jail.

Fortunately, local police are determined to step up their game. The>Mackay Road Policing Unit told the Daily Mercury they had detected 78 drug-related offences from January until August 2015, an increase from 2014. The police said they would focus on drug driving by ramping up their roadside testing.

Alcohol and the Mackay Population

There have been some major incidents caused by the excessive use of alcohol in Mackay. One case in the Daily Mercury involved a woman crossing into the wrong lane of the nearby Bruce Highway and crashing into a local motorcyclist. She was more than 3.5 times over the legal alcohol limit and was found with a half-filled schooner of wine in the vehicle’s cup holder.

A more serious case involved a ute colliding with a car on Yakapari-Seaforth Road. The Daily Mercury reported that the driver of the ute was found with a BAC reading of 0.03%. He was driving on the wrong side of the road when the ute struck the side of the car. The passenger of the car passed away while the driver was on the phone to 000.

Of course, these incidents have caused concern amongst the local population. The ABC News wrote about the One Punch One Kill Campaign which complained that the Mackay council was going to extend pub opening hours. On a more positive note, the Queensland government launched a crackdown on alcohol-fuelled violence with its Safe Night Precinct concept. With a decrease in the number of attacks, the campaign was hoped to further improve safety around the town.

Local Rehab Options in Mackay

There are only two government-funded rehabilitation alternatives for those in Mackay suffering from addiction. The first is the Drug & Alcohol Residential Recovery Service run by Ozcare. This is a program that addresses issues related to addiction. It is open to those who have stopped taking drugs and alcohol. Individual counselling, group activities and practical living advice are offered.

The second option is the Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs Service. This offers prevention, intervention and treatment to those suffering from addiction in Mackay. Services include drug withdrawal management, an opioid substitution program, a needle and syringe program and prevention & health promotion. There are also drug diversion programs offered through local courts and police.

Alternatives for Mackay Residents

With these limited options, locals may need to seek help elsewhere. Rather than visiting Brisbane where treatment can be expensive there are also centres around South East Asia that can help. Something to take note of is many Australian’s can use their superannuation to cover the costs of treatment.

There is also the issue of confidentiality which is important in small towns like Mackay where news travels fast. By booking into an overseas clinic, you can get treated for your addiction without fear of social stigma.

Effects of Black Tar Heroin

Effects of Black Tar Heroin

There is a growing phenomenon of black tar heroin use all over the globe. Part of this may be related to the sluggish economy and “affordability” which this drug has to offer. In Mexico, black tar heroin is the go-to choice for users. Over the years, this highly addictive substance has hit the streets of the West Coast, USA as well as, New York City and Miami. As time passes, black tar heroin is popping up in cities across Europe and even Asia.

Effects of Black Tar Heroin

The Effects of Black Tar Heroin

There is a growing phenomenon of black tar heroin use all over the globe. Part of this may be related to the sluggish economy and “affordability” which this drug has to offer. In Mexico, black tar heroin is the go-to choice for users. Over the years, this highly addictive substance has hit the streets of the West Coast, USA as well as, New York City and Miami. As time passes, black tar heroin is popping up in cities across Europe and even Asia.

How Black Tar Heroin Made its Way onto the Streets

Black tar heroin has been around for over a century. It was first used as a medicine, but quickly doctors strayed away from any potential benefits as there was none to be found. By the late 70’s, cartels were manufacturing the drug because it was cheaper than cocaine and there was more “market potential”. Black tar was first to take hold of addicts on the streets of Mexico and South America. But, quickly the drug was being brought across borders and into the US.

When compared to the price of heroin or prescription painkillers, black tar is considerably cheaper. The United States Department of Justice states that “abusers could maintain their addiction with two grams of heroin daily, at a cost of one-third to one-half of prescription opioids, depending on the area of the country and the purity of that heroin.”

What is Black Tar Heroin and how is it Used?

Black tar heroin is processed differently from the white or yellow powdered form. Unlike the traditional heroin powder, black tar looks like a gooey-tar like substance; hence the name. According to the NIDA black tar heroin is “sticky like roofing tar or hard like coal and is predominantly produced in Mexico and sold in U.S.” The color is often black, but can also be dark brown. This color comes from the harsh processing method.

The drug is dissolved and injected in the veins or muscles of the user. Although intravenous injection is the most popular method, it can also be mixed with lactose and ground into a powder to be snorted. Other less common methods of use include dissolving it in water and then snorting it, smoking it over foil or as a suppository up the rectum.

Growing Concerns of Dirty Batches

In the 70’s big drug cartels were adding a variety of chemicals to process the drug, and although less chemicals are generally added nowadays, black tar heroin has very little heroin in it (between 25 and 35%); this is the core reason it is so cheap. Because of the impurities found in black tar heroin, overdoses and deaths frequently occur from a “dirty batch”. Moreover, and less discussed, is the issue in which addicts are not only becoming addicted to the black tar heroin, but the other chemicals which are added or cut with . These include antidepressants, oxycodone, fentynal and cleaning agents.

How Black Tar Heroin Affects the Individual

Black tar heroin causes an extreme, almost instantaneous, rush. In some cases, an individual will feel the effects before they can take the needle out of their arm. Known as the “rush”, the skin becomes flush and the entire body will feel heavy. The user may have dry mouth and droopy eyes. They may experience nausea, vomiting or intense itching.

The rush ends within 1 hour and drowsiness will kick in. This part of using is known as the “nods”. Mental and physical functioning is minimal and disorientating. The pulse decreases and breathing slows. Sometimes a users’ heart can become so slow that it can stop and cause the individual to go into cardiac arrest. Eventually, the desirable effects become so needed that if not met, the person will have cravings and even withdrawal. This never ending circle is known as chasing the dragon.

The Health Risks of Black Tar Heroin Abuse

There is a multitude of health risks associated with black tar heroin abuse. Apart from the standard health effects of heroin, such as organ damage, memory loss, constipation and heart disease, black tar heroin has special conditions unique to its abuse. It is these that make an addiction to black tar heroin so dangerous.

Users are at risk for developing sclerosis (hardening of the veins). This not only causes problems with injecting the drug, but also leads to debilitating circulation. Malnutrition, bacterial infections, tetanus, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, STD’s and cognitive problems (many of which can be fatal) are also prevalent.

Withdrawing from a Black Tar Heroin Addiction

Chronic abuse of black tar heroin will lead to an addiction or dependence of the drug. When the user stops, they will go through a severe withdrawal. These symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, stomach cramping, muscle aches, irritability, cold sweats and seizures.

Getting Help for a Black Tar Heroin Addiction

A person who has an addiction to black tar heroin will likely fall deeper into their use, become more isolated and continue in the cycle of abusing. It’s often up to family and friends to get the user the assistance they need. A rehab for black tar heroin can help a person to turn their life around for the better. At Serenity Rehab Center, our team is ready to give you or a loved one the support needed to overcome the addiction to black tar heroin. Rehab programs are specifically designed to treat the individuals’ own needs. This customization will allow the person to start to heal from the inside out, physically, emotionally and mentally.

If you or someone you know needs a rehab for black tar heroin addiction, please contact us today to find out what we can do for you.

The Effects of an Addiction to Oxycodone

The Effects of an Addiction to Oxycodone

Millions of people from all over the globe abuse oxycodone. In general, using will start from a prescription legally given by a doctor to ease pain from injuries or surgery. As a tolerance builds up, so too does the desire for more. Quite rapidly, this turns into a full on addiction which can wreck havoc in a person’s life.

The Effects of an Addiction to Oxycodone

The Effects of an Addiction to Oxycodone

Millions of people from all over the globe abuse oxycodone. In general, using will start from a prescription legally given by a doctor to ease pain from injuries or surgery. As a tolerance builds up, so too does the desire for more. Quite rapidly, this turns into a full on addiction which can wreck havoc in a person’s life.

As the strong painkiller becomes the preferable opioid in North America as well as Europe, the rise in overdoses, deaths and addiction is increasing. Just because this medicine is legal, it comes with a high rate of dependency; therefore it is crucial to understand what the effects of oxycodone abuse are and the treatment options available.

What is oxycodone?

Oxycodone is a painkiller which has been derived from morphine. As an opioid analgesic, it alters the way the brain responds to pain. However, it does not carry any anesthetic like effects. It is often in a tablet form and can be mixed with acetaminophen, aspirin and ibuprofen. Depending on which medications are included with the oxycodone will depend on the actual variant. This medication also comes in a concentrated liquid form. As prescribed, it should be taken orally and only between strict periods of time (often 5-24 hours between every gap). When abused, it is not only swallowed, but also crushed and snorted or injected.

Street names for the drug continuously change and will vary depending on the given area. Currently, other names for oxycodone include oxy, oxy’s, cotton, oxy 80s, roxys or hillbilly heroin.

The primary reason for oxycodone abuse

People abuse a drug for their own personal reason; however, oxycodone may be the preferred choice specifically because of the easy availability. Doctor shopping is quite commonly implemented by users. In this case, the individual will go from doctor to doctor getting a new prescription each time. On the street, the drug is more affordable for addicts, hence why it is not uncommon for a heroin user to switch to oxy’s. In 2013, 81% of the worlds oxycodone prescriptions were handed out by doctors in the United States. The total number of prescriptions is not small and is estimated to be over 100 million.

The Physical and Psychological Effects of Abusing Oxys

Although meant to alleviate pain, some abusers of the drug may prefer it for its euphoric like effects. Overtime, as a person seeks out these sensations more and more, they will develop a tolerance. Addiction will follow. Once at this stage, the effects of an oxycodone addiction take hold. Typically, these are detrimental to the person as well as those around them. The signs and symptoms of an oxycodone addiction may vary; however some may include:

Physical symptoms:

  • Drowsiness/Sedation
  • Persistent itching
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Low blood pressure
  • Slowed breathing
  • Dry mouth
  • Cold sweating
  • Constricted pupils *overdose may cause dilated pupils

Psychological symptoms:

  • Euphoria followed by:
  • Anxiety
  • Mood swings
  • Irritability
  • Depression

Additional health problems can arise when oxycodone is taken with another opiate or medication which suppresses respiration. These include benzodiazepines and alcohol. The risk of overdosing, cardiac arrest or death is substantially high. When the drug is injected, infection and spreadable diseases like hepatitis and HIV can occur.

Through prolonged use, an abuser who has not sought the treatment of an oxycodone rehab could experience a severely damaged immune system, insomnia, sleep apnea, mood swings and respiratory or heart disorders. Job loss, school failure, financial woes, legal troubles or breakdown of relationships can also be a result of oxycodone abuse.

Addiction and Withdrawal

When oxycodone is used illicitly, the risks of addiction increase. This is very similar to alcohol and heroin because like the aforementioned, levels of dopamine increase in the brain. With prolonged use, the neurotransmitters are altered and the individual feels as if they cannot quit on their own and need the drug to “survive”. When a rehab program for oxycodone is sought, the individual will go through unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. These include nausea, anxiety, muscle aches, cold sweats, anger, depression and apathy.

Reaching out to an Oxycodone Rehab for Help

Sometimes counselling or outpatient rehabs are not enough to treat an addiction to oxycodone. The psychological and physical effects of oxycodone can be so intense that an inpatient rehab will be the most ideal in order to reach successful recovery. Support and guided attention will be provided 24/7 and will relieve any daily pressures which an individual often experiences. Therapy, counselling, consultations, evaluations and activity are all part of oxycodone addition programs.

Siam Rehab Center is an intensive, comprehensive program which utilizes the most up-to-date treatment methods. We don’t just treat the symptoms of the addiction, but rather focus on the core reasons for using. In the case an oxycodone addiction, this could be chronic pain, depression, boredom, mental health disorders or a combination of issues. Our professional staff will help each person to work through these obstacles and regain a balanced life. Through this we are able to treat the whole person, body and mind.

If you or someone you care about has an addiction to oxycodone and would like the support of a private rehab in Thailand, contact us today.

Effects of Marijuana Concentrates

Effects of Marijuana Concentrates

Marijuana concentrate has become its own culture. As a growing trend, especially for young people, it is no surprise to hear that it is often the preferred variant of THC intoxication. Concentrates are primarily found in the USA, especially in states which have medical or legalized marijuana. However, abuse and addiction is still a very real threat. Moreover, the risks of smoking concentrated THC go beyond any potential health effect which those in favor of the drug may believe.

Effects of Marijuana Concentrates

The Effects of Marijuana Concentrates and Their Abuse

Marijuana concentrate has become its own culture. As a growing trend, especially for young people, it is no surprise to hear that it is often the preferred variant of THC intoxication. Concentrates are primarily found in the USA, especially in states which have medical or legalized marijuana. However, abuse and addiction is still a very real threat. Moreover, the risks of smoking concentrated THC go beyond any potential health effect which those in favor of the drug may believe.

What is Marijuana Concentrate?

Marijuana concentrate is an extremely potent extract of THC or marijuana’s psychoactive ingredient tetrahydrocannabidiol. It is thick, sticky or gummy and in a brown to green color. (Think about candle wax being melted onto paper and left to dry.) The drug is said to be like smoking 4 -5 joints of medical grade marijuana. “This is pot on steroids,” said Kevin Winslow, director of the Quad-City Metropolitan Enforcement Group (MEG), in an interview with Healthline.

When smoked, the high is almost instantaneous and can last for several hours. Smoking can involve a bong, pipe or electronic cigarettes. The later is one of the most emerging ways in which the concentrates are abused; this is because there is no taste or odor. Other ways a person may use the drug include adding it to food items or beverages.

Alternative Terms for Marijuana Concentrate

Alternative or slang terms change on a regular basis and vary regionally across the globe. The DEA suggests the most current terms for THC concentrate include 710 (“OIL” upside down and spelled backwards), ear wax, honey oil, honey wax, BHO, shatter, black glass, errl and most recently dabs or dabbing.

Psychological and Physical Effects of Concentrates

Shatter or THC concentrates stimulate the same areas within the brain which heroin, cocaine and alcohol reaches. The effects of standard marijuana vary from those related to using THC concentrates. Moreover, depending on how it is used will depend on the psychological and physical effects of marijuana and shatter use.

Euphoria is often the most common effect, followed by relaxation and a heightened sense of perception. Some individuals may feel an increase in appetite and others may feel very drowsy or sleepy. The actual impact significantly changes with each user, how often the use and the strength of the drug.

While this may seem like no big deal, using THC concentrates can produce additional physical and psychological effects. According to the NIH

These include:

• Paranoia • Delirium • Anxiety • Panic/Fear • Delusions/ Hallucinations • Increase in blood pressure • Blood shot eyes • Weight gain • Lung and/or throat infections

In addition to the above, there is new evidence which shows that people who have a history of schizophrenia, multiple personality disorder, bipolar disorder or psychosis may be at a greater risk of experiencing a breakdown or mental health episode.

Another risk of using such high concentrates of THC is the mixing of other drugs. It is not uncommon for users to consume alcohol, cocaine or prescription medications along with the concentrate. When combined, the effects can become increasingly stronger and could include slowed breathing, cardiac arrest, impaired motor skills and injury.

Coming down from shatter or dabs can cause an individual to feel exhausted, moody or depressed. It can also begin to heighten agitation, insomnia and irritability. These feelings can be especially observed when a frequent abuser of marijuana concentrates has not used and is going through a withdrawal.

Potential Dangers of Abusing Marijuana Concentrates

Since the advent of medical marijuana and legalization, the demand for stronger variants has been on the rise. This has led organizations like the Mexican Cartel to put their efforts back into opium and black tar heroin because they cannot keep up with the growers in the US. The primary issue with marijuana concentration is the strength and potency of the drug; which far exceeds dried buds. Standard marijuana has about 10-15% THC while concentrations can be between 80-90% THC when dabbing. This is a huge increase and one of the core reasons there is such a growing concern over its use.

Dabs have also received negative attention due to possible dangers associated with making the BHO. The process involves butane gas which is used to extract the THC. This is then heated at a high temperature to evaporate the butane leaving the thick concentrate of THC. The process is not easy and can be fumbled by novice beginners. Risks include toxic chemicals being inhaled as well as building up in a closed environment (bedroom, closet, garage, etc.). These vapors could cause fires, small explosions and injury.

Dabbing allows the abuser to absorb more THC in a shorter amount of time. The effects within the body will be amplified; so too is the developing of a tolerance as well as the withdrawal symptoms. The amount of THC used can also cause profuse negative reactions, especially compared to traditional marijuana use (smoking the plant). A frequent user of shatter (often with a mental health issue) could have paranoia, anxiety, dizziness and delusions.

Exposure to Contaminants

Dabs, especially when coming from areas which are not regulated, could be contaminated with a variety of chemicals or even solvents. Although concentrates should contain little to no butane, if low-grade or recycled butane was indeed used, impurities could be left in the drug. Consider the potential for pesticides or herbicides used to grow the plant and the individual could face a number of associated health aliments.

Is Addiction to THC Concentrates Real?

Yes. This is a drug and while there are people (cancer, Parkinson’s etc. patients) who may benefit from small amounts, there are a number of people who abuse it. Moreover, those who are using it to escape a trauma like PTSD or depression will often become dependent on getting high rather than treat the underlying problem. Eventually, and in any case, a tolerance will build. The person will need to use more to relieve the problem (if any). When they stop, their problems will come back and oftentimes, it’s worse.

With Marijuana, there is a risk of addiction especially after a tolerance has been formed. When the drug wears off and is not re-used, a person could go through withdrawal. Although not as intense as a heroin or cocaine withdrawal, THC concentrate withdrawal can cause irritability, depression, anger, doubt or fear. It could also cause nausea, vomiting and a decrease in appetite. For many, this is very unpleasant. Keep in mind that all of these feelings increase when there are underlying issues involved (which is often the case).

If you or someone you know is getting into trouble (legal, school, work, family) because of using marijuana concentrates and/or feels stopping is impossible, there is a degree of substance abuse or addiction involved.

For many users, the idea of quitting and getting help for a THC concentrate addiction is scary. What’s important to understand is there are centers with caring, professional staff that can help someone overcome this addiction and begin to heal from the inside out.

Those with an addiction to shatter or dabbing should feel comforted in knowing that recovery is possible. The physical withdrawal and cravings are not as severe as other substances. Often those partaking in a marijuana concentrate rehabilitation program find the psychological addiction is the biggest challenge. Even more so are the people who have mental health issues like depression, PTSD and anxiety. This is when the THC concentration rehab facility is vital. These rehab programs can help people to work through problems, find healthier ways to cope with mental illness and discover alternatives to using drugs.

If you or someone you know has an addiction to THC concentrates and would like to seek the expertise of a rehab program, please contact our Chiang Rai Thailand Rehab Center.

Drug And Alcohol Rehab Launceston

Drug And Alcohol Rehab Launceston

The North Tasmanian town of Launceston seems to attract a great deal of drug dealers with trafficking stories being reported frequently over the past few years. With regards to heavy drinking, there doesn’t seem to be too much going on although there have been a couple of alcohol-related incidents in the news. Despite being a small town, the local police seem to be doing a great job at enforcing anti-drug and alcohol laws. There is however a lack of rehab facilities available for those who need help with addiction or substance abuse.

Drug And Alcohol Rehab Launceston

The North Tasmanian town of Launceston seems to attract a great deal of drug dealers with trafficking stories being reported frequently over the past few years. With regards to heavy drinking, there doesn’t seem to be too much going on although there have been a couple of alcohol-related incidents in the news. Despite being a small town, the local police seem to be doing a great job at enforcing anti-drug and alcohol laws. There is however a lack of rehab facilities available for those who need help with addiction or substance abuse.

Drugs in the Launceston Area

One defining factor of Launceston in the news is that there have been plenty of major drug seizures occurring in this rural town over the past few years. The Examinerwrote of a bust in July 2018 where more than $500,000 of ice, ecstasy, heroin and cannabis were confiscated from a number of local homes.

In another story, ABC News wrote that $200,000 worth of speed, $130,000 in cash and a handgun were found in a Launceston hotel room. This happened in June 2014 and four men were arrested. In December 2014, there was another bust with The Advocate writing about a man arrested for the possession of over $570,000 worth of drugs. More than 650 grams of ice were seized along with morphine and some prescription drugs.

In one final case, ABC News wrote of a woman arrested trying to traffic more than $500,000 worth of ice through Launceston Airport in October 2014. She was stopped on arrival with over half a kilogram of the drug strapped to her body.

Alcohol Consumption in Launceston

Harmful incidents related to alcohol in Launceston are less frequent then those related to drugs. Nonetheless, there have been a few awful occurrences where people got hurt or died. The ABC News wrote of one case where a 71 year old lost control of his Porsche while turning a bend outside of the city. His car slammed into a tree, killing him instantly. He had a BAC reading of 0.012 at the time.

Another drink driving case involved a Launceston male colliding with a pickup truck. The woman driver of the utility vehicle was killed after the impact. ABC News wrote that the man was charged with manslaughter, driving without headlights and speeding, all of which he denied. He admitted to driving while intoxicated and evading the police however.

Additionally, the ABC News wrote about four men who got into a brawl at the Mowbray Hotel in Launceston. Two of them were charged with causing grievous bodily harm and assault. One of the victims later died in hospital from his injuries. The judge was quoted as saying that alcohol was involved in the incident

Public Rehab Choices in Launceston

As it is a smaller town, Launceston doesn’t have a wide choice of government-funded treatment facilities for those suffering from drug or alcohol addiction. The only option is the Alcohol and Drug Service (ADS) found on Mulgrave Street next to Launceston General Hospital. Patients can get a variety of support including inpatient withdrawal management, an opioid pharmacotherapy program, a psychosocial interventions program and more.

With regards to the other rehab alternatives in the region, some of these are lacking funding with several having to close in the past. The ABC News reported that most addicts stay in the acute wards and beds at Launceston general, a move which puts further stress on the already full hospital including elective surgery and emergency admissions.

Alternative Support for Launceston Locals

With limited options, it’s not unusual for those dependent on drugs or alcohol to seek assistance outside of Launceston. There are many private centres around Australia, unfortunately many of them are not affordable for the average person.

Fortunately there are also overseas options like the one hosting this article. With all Western counsellors you can get the same or better treatment then at home and with fees that you can afford.

Drug and Alcohol Rehab in Bendigo

Drug and Alcohol Rehab in Bendigo

As one of the major centres in rural Victoria, people of Bendigo have certain issues with drugs and alcohol. As well as worrying consumption statistics, there have also been a range of incidents caused by heavy drinking and illicit substance use. Being a smaller town, there are also some more unique problems such as a lack of local rehab in Bendigo treatment facilities which prevent those addicted from getting support.

Drug and Alcohol Rehab in Bendigo

As one of the major centres in rural Victoria, people of Bendigo have certain issues with drugs and alcohol. As well as worrying consumption statistics, there have also been a range of incidents caused by heavy drinking and illicit substance use. Being a smaller town, there are also some more unique problems such as a lack of local treatment facilities which prevent those addicted from getting support.

Drug Consumption within Bendigo

Statistics for drug use seem to be quite high within Bendigo. In 2014, there were 116.8 drug dealing and trafficking offences and 39.2 drug manufacturing or cultivation offences per 100,000 population according to the Bendigo Advertiser. These figures were higher than the state average. The ABC News writes that local police have said these increases were due to better law enforcement rather than a surge in users.

While there is a problem with ice in Bendigo, local police say this isn’t the biggest issue in the area. Cannabis seems to be the most common drug amongst locals and some heroin has been seen according to the Bendigo Advertiser. Regarding amphetamine users, demographics have changed with many users coming from decent backgrounds.

While drugs have a negative social stigma worldwide, this has more of an effect in rural towns such as Bendigo. The Age writes about one local family who suffered in silence while their son got addicted to heroin. Thanks to the city’s judgemental population, they were forced to hide the issue for fear that their son would have trouble finding work or somewhere to stay. As a result of this silence though, he ended up dying from a fatal overdose in a Melbourne carpark.

Alcohol Use and the Bendigo People

Bendigo has the highest rate of underage drinking in Victoria according to the Bendigo Advertiser. Health experts in the region say this isn’t surprising as poorer economic conditions and a disconnection from school have caused more teenagers to consume alcohol. This then leads to further impacts with regards to tertiary education and careers.

There have also been a number of cases with Bendigo adults consuming in excess. ABC News writes of a local man who crashed his car at an intersection. He recorded a blood alcohol level of four times the legal limit. Two women were injured in the accident as well.

The public service isn’t immune either. ABC News reported of a Bendigo councillor who issued an apology after being caught drink driving. Instead of waiting for a taxi, he got behind the wheel, was caught and lost his licence. Another story in the Herald Sun tells of a police cover-up involving an officer who crashed his car while under the influence. Seven police left the force and four were disciplined for their roles in this crime.

Treatment Options Rehab in Bendigo Area

Despite being a fairly large rural centre, Bendigo is still small enough to suffer from a lack of drug and alcohol rehab centres. There are really only two government-run facilities available. The Youth Support + Advocacy Service (YSAS) is found in Garsed Street and runs a youth outreach program, home-based withdrawal program and primary health service. It works with those aged 12 to 21 who are having trouble with drug and alcohol use, abuse or dependence.

The second option is Headspace which is located on Pall Mall. Run by the National Youth Mental Health Foundation, this program offers early intervention to those aged 12 to 21 years old which makes it as easy as possible for those having trouble sorting out issues affecting their wellbeing when it comes to drug and alcohol use.

Seeking Support Outside of Bendigo

As there are no publicly-funded options for those over 21 in Bendigo and private clinics can be quite expensive, locals may have to be creative when it comes to treatment. There are a number of programmes around Australia as well as English speaking overseas options.

Many Australian’s are not aware that they can use their Superannuation to cover part or all of the costs for treatment locally or at a treatment centre in Asia.

Drug and Alcohol Rehab Albury-Wodonga

Drug and Alcohol Rehab Albury-Wodonga

If you or someone you love is struggling with addiction and not getting the help you need due to the long waiting lists and high costs of treatment. Check out Siam Rehab in Thailand. We can help, the largest majority of our clients come from Australia, we have short or no waiting list at all and are a fraction of the costs of similar programmes in Albury-Wodonga and other parts of Australia. We can Help!

Drug and Alcohol Rehab Albury-Wodonga

If you or someone you love is struggling with addiction and not getting the help you need due to the long waiting lists and high costs of treatment. Check out Siam Rehab in Thailand. We can help, the largest majority of our clients come from Australia, we have short or no waiting list at all and are a fraction of the costs of similar programmes in Albury-Wodonga and other parts of Australia. We can Help!

Straddled across the NSW/Victoria border, the twin town of Albury-Wodonga is a rural spot that has a dual problem with drug addiction and heavy drinking. From the trafficking of illicit substances to minor alcohol-related incidents, this is a destination that covers the whole spectrum. The fact that there are few rehab services available locally exacerbates the problem as well, especially for those who are dependant on these substances.

Drug Issues in Albury-Wodonga

Both Albury and Wodonga seem to have similar issues with illicit substances with drug news coming out of each on a regular basis. For instance, The Border Mailwrites that drug offences jumped 61% in 2012-13 from the previous year. This included 58 cultivating, trafficking and manufacturing offences and 157 possession offences. Another article in The Border Mail says that Wodonga paramedics were called out for five heroin-related jobs and 88 alcohol-related jobs in 2012-13. Statistics in Albury are also on the rise, police say.

Drug seizures are also fairly common on both sides of the border. Star Community wrote about Wodonga police confiscating two kilograms of methamphetamines from a car travelling on the Hume Highway. The drugs had a value of about $600,000. The Border Mail also writes about a raid in Albury where cannabis and methamphetamines were seized. Two men were arrested.

Locals aren’t taking this sort of thing sitting down and a number of forums have been held. One good example is found in ABC News where past ice users got together to speak about their experiences. Not only was this incredibly cathartic for everyone involved but it also exposed an issue that has remained hidden.

Alcohol Use in Albury-Wodonga

Instances of alcoholism and related incidents can range from humorous to outright tragic in Albury-Wodonga. For the former, 3AW Breakfast wrote of a man called Cham Payne who had been called to court charged with alcohol-related assault. The case went for two weeks and he was eventually found guilty. On the other end of the spectrum, The Border Mail writes of a resident who suffered from alcoholism. Turned away from Albury Hospital and unable to find help locally, he moved to Canberra where he was later found dead.

A number of alcohol forums have also been held in Albury. The ABC News reported on one in 2011 where the issue of safety in the community was raised. Although offenses for non-domestic violence and offensive behaviour related to alcohol were down from 2006 to 2010, the forum went over measures to stop further harm from road accidents, domestic violence and youth crimes, including better public transport and earlier closing times for pubs. Star Community mentioned another forum on alcohol-related violence in 2015. Here, the topics were frequent incidents around Dean Street plus the effects of alcohol on domestic violence, vandalism and hooliganism.

Rehab Options for Albury-Wodonga

Unfortunately, the town of Albury-Wodonga is fairly limited when it comes to treatment for those addicted to drugs and alcohol. The ABC News writes that there is an urgent need for a proper centre in the town especially with substances like methamphetamines affecting the community.

There are two government-funded initiatives available locally. The first are the Community Drug and Alcohol Services provided by Albury Wodonga Health. These offer assessment, information, education, referrals and more for those suffering from substance abuse. There are also opioid treatment programs and community withdrawal services available.

The second option is Odyssey House which provides services to those with alcohol and drug dependencies who have health, behavioural and psychological issues. This includes rehab, admissions, assessment, withdrawal and a parent/children program. The Magistrates Early Referral into Treatment (MERIT) is also available for those charged with drug or alcohol-related offences.

Alternatives for Albury-Wodonga Residents

With these limited choices, locals living in Albury-Wodonga are often left to look elsewhere for assistance with their drug and alcohol issues. Rather than seek help in cities such as Melbourne, we recommend checking into a clinic in a country like Thailand where international standards of care are offered at a fraction of the price.

Because you will be seeking help far away from Australia, you won’t have to worry about others in your community finding out either. Siam Rehab Chiang Rai in the north of Thailand offers truly confidential treatment to re-balance your life. Flights there via Sydney take about 13 hours depending on whether you also transfer through Singapore, Bangkok or Kuala Lumpur. We will be there to pick you up at the airport too, making your journey here as painless as possible!